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Удмуртская Республика

The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America. — New York, 1972

The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972  The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972
 
 
 

The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. — 187 p., ill. — ISBN 0-87099-024-1

 
 
 

Foreword

 
In conjunction with its centennial exhibitions “Nineteenth-Century America” and “The Rise of an American Architecture,” the Metropolitan Museum was host in May 1970 to a four-day gathering of scholars, historians, critics, and collectors. This was the first formal exchange of ideas about nineteenth-century American art by such a group. Twenty years ago, these exhibitions, much less this symposium, could hardly have taken place. Unfashionable American paintings for years remained in the storerooms and basements of museums; many buildings and interiors of the nineteenth century were condemned to demolition or consigned to the rubbish heap. But we have finally become interested in our heritage and concerned enough to hold a meeting such as this one. We hope the ideas generated here helped to give impetus to the movement to preserve what is left of nineteenth-century America.
 
The eleven papers in this volume, the core of the symposium, throw new lights on our art and architecture. For example, the interaction between American and European art and architecture during the nineteenth century was reviewed and proved to be much more complicated than was thought before; and some new principles for art history, in which style was related to political, social, and philosophical movements, presented us with a particularly challenging problem. Perhaps ideas such as these will lead to more research, more knowledge, and ultimately acquaint more Americans with the charms of this enormously imaginative and lively period.
 
 
JOHN K. HOWAT
Curator, American Paintings and Sculpture
 

 

 

Contents

 
Directions in the Study of American Painting ... 11
JAMES THOMAS FLEXNER
 
Influences and Affinities: The Interplay between America and Europe in Landscape Painting before 1860 ... 27
BARBARA NOVAK
 
American Neoclassic Sculpture ... 42
WILLIAM H. GERDTS
 
Foreign Influences in American Painting and Architecture after 1860 ... 56
HENRY-RUSSELL HITCHCOCK
 
Stylistic Interplay between Central Europe and America: Architecture and Painting from 1860 to 1914 ... 68
R. J. CLARK
 
The Interplay between American and Japanese Art ... 82
BENJAMIN ROWLAND, JR.
 
American Art and the Urban Fair ... 94
ALFRED FRANKENSTEIN
 
How a Few Artists Wormed Their Way in the Course of a Century into the Confidence of a Small Percentage of Their Compatriots ... 104
RUSSELL LYNES
 
The Nineteenth-Century Artist and His Posthumous Public ... 117
STUART P. FELD
 
Design and Chaos: Some Heretical Conjectures about the Artist and the Public in America ... 137
JOHN A. KOUWENHOVEN
 
Taste and Ideology: Principles for a New American Art History ... 156
ALAN GOWANS
 

 

 

Sample pages

 
The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972  The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972
 
The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972  The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America / Texts by R. J. Clark, Stuart P. Feld, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, William H. Gerdts, Alan Gowans, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, John A. Kouwenhoven, Russell Lynes, Barbara Novak, Benjamin Rowland, Jr. — New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972
 

 

 
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