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Ho Siu-fong, Betty. Redevelopment of Kowloon City : A Feasibility Study. — Hong Kong, 1986

Redevelopment of Kowloon City : A Feasibility Study / by Ho Siu-fong, Betty. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Urban Planning University of Hong Kong. — August, 1986 Redevelopment of Kowloon City : A Feasibility Study / by Ho Siu-fong, Betty. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Urban Planning University of Hong Kong. — August, 1986
 

Redevelopment of Kowloon City : A Feasibility Study / by Ho Siu-fong, Betty. — Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Urban Planning University of Hong Kong. — August, 1986. — 121 p., ill.

 
CONTENTS
 
Acknowledgements
Contents
List of Figures
 
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Objectives of the Study
1.2 Methodology
 
Chapter 2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 Role of State in Hong Kong
2.2 The China Element
2.3 Process of Built Environment
2.4 Development of Kowloon Walled City in Theory
 
Chapter 3 KOWLOON WALLED CITY : HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
3.1 The Early Settlement
3.2 Existence of Kowloon Walled City as a Historical Incident
 
Chapter 4 PAST GOVERNMENT EFFORTS IN THE REDEVELOPMENT OF KOWLOON WALLED CITY
4.1 The 1933 Episode
4.2 1948 Continuation
4.3 The 1963 Incident
 
Chapter 5 THE EXISTING KOWLOON WALLED CITY
5.1 Physical Aspect
5.2 Social and Economic Aspects
 
Chapter 6 DIFFICULTIES TO BE ENCOUNTERED IN THE REDEVELOPMENT OF KOWLOON WALLED CITY : A REVIEW IN PAST EXPERIENCE
6.1 Problems in Specificity to Kowloon Walled City
6.2 Problems in Urban Renewal in General
 
Chapter 7 NEW LIGHTS FOR REDEVELOPMENT
7.1 Improving Sino-British Relationship
7.2 Softening Attitudes of the Local Residents
7.3 Land Development Corporation as New Means in Undertaking Redevelopment Projects
 
Chapter 8 REDEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
8.1 Political Negotiation on Land Matters
8.2 Administration
8.3 Financial Arrangement
8.4 Rehousing Responsibility
8.5 Land Development
8.6 Land Implication
8.7 Community Participation
 
Chapter 9 PLANNING PROPOSALS
9.1 Objectives
9.2 Target Population
9.3 Rezoning of Land Use
9.4 Planning Principles
9.5 Conservation of Historical Buildings
9.6 Provision of Community Facilities and Open Space
9.7 Traffic Network
9.8 Phases of Implementation
 
Chapter 10 EVALUATION
10.1 Administration : The Land Development Corporation
10.2 Social Considerations
10.3 Environmental Considerations
10.4 Financial Considerations
 
Chapter 11 CONCLUSION
 
Bibliograghy
 
 
LIST OF FIGURES
5.1 Locational Plan of Kowloon Walled City
5.2* Kowloon Walled City : Its Environs
5.3 Airport Height Restriction
5.4* Impact of Airport Height Restriction on Building Forms
5.5 Boundary and Layout of Kowloon Walled City
5.6* Unscrupulous Maximization of Living Space
5.7* Ventilation
5.8 Location of Standpipes
5.9* Water Supply
5.10* Drainage and Sewage
5.11* Electricity Cables and Water Pipes in Narrow Alleys
5.12 District Board Electoral Boundaries - Kowloon City District
5.13 Tertiary Planning Units and street Blocks - 1981 Census
5.14 Population Structure in TPU 2.8.5. Street Block 02
5.15* Social Services in the Walled City
5.16* Efforts done by the Kai Fong Welfare Advancement Association
5.17 Business Establishments
5.18* Business Establishments
5.19* Concentration of Unliscensed Dentists
5.20* Government Services provided for the Walled City
5.21* Real Estate Activities
5.22 Environmental Problems arising from Industrial Undertakings
9.1 Proposed Rezoning of Land Use on Outline Zoning Plan
9.2 Proposed Rezoning of Land Use on Outline Development Plan
9.3* The Former Yamen from Above
9.4* Conservation of Historical Traces : The Yamen and the Cannons
9.5* Impacts on Religious element in the Walled City
9.6 Conceptual Proposal on Redevelopment of Kowloon Walled City - Completion
9.6a Conceptual Proposal on Redevelopment of Kowloon Walled City - Phase I
9.6b Conceptual Proposal on Redevelopment of Kowloon Walled City - Phase II
9.6c Conceptual Proposal on Redevelopment of Kowloon Walled City - Phase III
 
* photographic illustration
 
 
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Objectives of the Study
 
For decades, the Kowloon Walled City has been a mysterious place to most people of Hong Kong. The Convention of Peking in 1898 eventually turned the area into a "no-man's land". Due to the ambiguity in jurisdiction it had been an ideal place for criminal hideaway, prostitution and drug centre. Nowadays, order has been restored but the area has become a dingy slum which accomodates about 40,000 population.
 
The environmental problems have aroused increasing concern from both the British and the Chinese Governments as well as from the general public. Buildings are constructed without paying respect to Buildings Ordinance and Fire Services Regulations. There is little natural lighting and ventilation for living units inside the boundary. Fire access are the narrow alleys running between the congested building blocks. Due to structural reasons piped water cannot be provided. Hygienic and sanitary conditions are frustrating and open drains are found everywhere. Various kinds of industries causing environmental nuisance are operated just next to the domestic dwellers. Food manufacturers are unliscensed and the Urban Services Department is unable to control them from using poisonous additives in their products. Besides, unliscensed dentists operate without any supervision. However, improvements to all these situations cannot be achieved without a comprehensive redevelopment programme.
 
This study intends to review the development of Kowloon Walled City in the historical context and tries to investigate into the feasibility of the redevelopment and how it can be carried out. Redevelopment by the Government in general or in this particular area have not been successful in the past. However, the improving Sino-British relationship and the formation of Land Development Corporation give a new hope in redeveloping the area.
 
 
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