Кацусика Хокусай. Тридцать шесть видов Фудзи: № 42. Отражение в озере Мисака в провинции Каи

Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

冨嶽三十六景 甲州三坂水面

Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province (Kōshū Misaka suimen), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanjūrokkei)

Artist: Katsushika Hokusai (1760–1849)

Period: Edo period (1615–1868)

Date: ca. 1831–32

Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji depicts the mountain in every season and type of weather and from different perspectives. This view of Mount Fuji and its reflection in the placid lake can be seen from Misaka Pass, reached by the Isawa road, which branches off the main road to Edo. Hokusai balanced the composition by placing the mountain slightly to the right and its reflection to the left. The lone fisherman in his boat enhances the serenity. Ironically, the reflection of Mount Fuji shows a snow-capped peak, an element missing from the mountain itself. The two views of the mountain perhaps represent two seasons, with the traditional and more familiar view being the image in the water. This pictorial trick encourages the viewer to focus on the reflection. (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
...this print showcases a beautiful scene of human civilization living within the natural world of Japan. Light green rolling hills contrasted with deep green pine tree forests fill the middleground of the piece and give a disitivive feeling of depth to the artwork. Small village huts scour the shoreline of the calm lake which gracefully matches the composition and prussian blue shading of the sky above it. Floating peacefully in the lake, a narrow wooden boat can be seen resting in the water with its bow pointing towards a village inlet. Sitting in the background, Japan’s iconic Mount Fuji towers over the village below it and boasts a snowy white peak for all to admire. Under closer examination, the mountain’s reflection within the lake fails to align with reality’s expectations and depicts a more rugged view of the mountain that appears to be an impressional, seemingly inverted version of the mountain’s natural topography. Unique to this print, it appears as if Hokusai’s goal was to present two different views of the mountain within a single woodblock print – one view that offers the physical presence of a snow covered peak suggesting the beginnings of the cold season, and one that highlights the true beauty of the mountain’s natural rocky summit. With the tangible mountain sitting far north in the artwork, viewers are left to question if the offset reflection of Mount Fuji would ever be possible in the real world.          
Taking a closer look at the colors of the image, the painting’s prussian blue pigment used in the lake and sky can be found in countless pieces of Japanese artwork such as Hokusai’s famous Great Wave and Ukita Ikkei’s Tale of a Strange Marriage. The prussian blue color is particularly common in Japanese landscape paintings for the depiction of deep oceans, rivers, and skies and can be credited for the rise of the Aizuri-e (“blue printed picture”) genre of Japanese ukiyo-e (pictures of the floating world”) prints. Overall, the usage of this blue pigment across various pieces of historical Japanese paintings highlights the artistic importance of the color across time and mediums. (conncoll.edu)
The reflection of the mountain is the key motif in this print. Hasui's image focuses on the movement of water and light, which is clearly a result of his mastery of Western techniques. Meanwhile, Hokusai's reflection is clear and still. Hokusai's reflection depicts a snow-covered Mount Fuji, yet the real mountain above is bare. Hokusai appears to be attempting to show both faces of this famous and sacred mountain. (from Nostalgic Japan exhibition 6/8/2005-)
Mount Fuji, with its steep pitch toward the summit, rises behind a village of houses with brown-thatched roofs. The woodlands, indicated by dark green vegetation, expand to the lower foothills and mountains. Before them lies Lake Kawaguchi, its smooth, mirrorlike surface reflecting Mount Fuji. The approaching small boat might disturb the reflection. Misaka Pass lies at the north side of Lake Kawaguchi. Mount Fuji, seen from the north beyond this lake, presents a different look with its rugged surface. This print seems to show the rougher character of the mountain. The reflection of Fuji in this print is of course not true to the laws of optics. Here, Hokusai seems to have wanted to show both of Fuji’s faces – the snow-covered gray mountain commonly remembered or imagined by most people as well as the rugged brown Fuji as it appears in reality beyond the lake. (The Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, HOKUSAI AND HIROSHIGE – Great Japanese Prints from the James A. Michener Collection, Honolulu Academy of Arts: The Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, 1998 Page 89. Cat. 40)
Lake Kawaguchi (here called Lake Misaka after nearby Misaka Pass) is shown perfectly still, undisturbed by even the small boat in the lower right. A mirror image of Mount Fuji is reflected upon its surface. However, upon close examination it becomes evident that the volcano and its reflection are not in fact the same. Looking at Mount Fuji from the north, its rough surface is revealed, here devoid of the usual snow covering its peak. On the other hand, the reflection shows an idealized view of the mountain, capped with snow and without any imperfections as its smooth surface extends into the lake. Hokusai seems to suggest two different aspects of the mountain, one with a strong physical presence, and one that is otherworldly, a spiritualized “true form” of which the uninitiated can catch but a rare glimpse through this print. “Hokusai’s Summit: Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji” (09/24/2009-01/06/2010)
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Отражение в озере Мисака в провинции Каи
Если по дороге Косю отправиться из Кофу в Эдо, то первой станцией будет Исава. Если отправиться на юго-восток по горной дороге, которая отделяется от Исава, и выйти на гору Мисака, то внизу будет простираться одно из пяти озер Фудзи — Кавагутико, в котором можно почти вплотную увидеть облик прекрасной и благородной Фудзи. Для путешественников, которые идут пешком, пожалуй, нет ничего приятнее, чем отдых на горном перевале, где усиливается иллюзия панорамного видения гор. Нет художника, который, сталкиваясь с обратной стороной удивительного вида Фудзи, отражающегося в озере, так отобразил бы прекрасный пейзаж, как это сделал Хокусай. Однако, что касается связи между действительным изображением Фудзи и ложным, которое отражается на поверхности озера, то Хокусаю, однозначно, не достает чувства реальности, хотя, возможно, он сознательно отказывается от него. Дело в том, что если мысленно провести ось между правым и левым берегами озера, то очертания формы и поверхности горы окажутся смешенными. В данной гравюре Хокусая больше всего привлекали причудливые формы и образы.
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Katsushika Hokusai. Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji



Все 46 гравюр серии «Тридцать шесть видов Фудзи» | Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji | 富嶽三十六景 | Fugaku Sanjūrokkei

Изображение / Image
Название / Title
Мост Нихонбаси в Эдо  冨嶽三十六景 江戸日本橋  Nihonbashi in Edo  Edo Nihonbashi
Суруга-тё в Эдо  冨嶽三十六景 江都駿河町三井見世略図  Mitsui Shop at Surugachō in Edo  Edo Surugachō Mitsui mise ryaku zu
Район Сундай в Эдо  冨嶽三十六景 東都駿台  Surugadai in Edo  Tōto Sundai
Храм Хонгадзи в районе Асакуса в Эдо  冨嶽三十六景 東都浅草本願寺  Honganji at Asakusa in Edo  Tōto Asakusa Honganji
Река Татэкава в Хондзё  冨嶽三十六景 本所立川  Tatekawa in Honjō  Honjō Tatekawa
Под мостом Маннэн близ Фукугава  冨嶽三十六景 深川万年橋下  Under the Mannen Bridge at Fukagawa  Fukagawa Mannenbashi shita
Садзаэ-до, храм Пятисот Архатов  冨嶽三十六景 五百らかん寺さざゐどう  Sazai Hall at the Temple of the Five Hundred Arhats  Gohyaku Rakanji Sazaidō
Сосна в Аояме  冨嶽三十六景 青山円座松  Cushion Pine at Aoyama  Aoyama enza no matsu
Водяная мельница в Ондене  冨嶽三十六景 隠田の水車  The Waterwheel at Onden  Onden no suisha
Низовье реки Мэгуро  冨嶽三十六景 下目黒  Lower Meguro  Shimo Meguro
Снежное утро на реке Коисикава  冨嶽三十六景 礫川雪の旦  Morning after the Snow at Koishikawa in Edo  Koishikawa yuki no ashita
Ночной вид на мост Рёгокубаси с берега реки Оммаяга  葛飾北斎画 冨嶽三十六景 御厩川岸より両国橋夕陽見  Viewing the Sunset over Ryōgoku Bridge from the Onmaya Embankment  Onmayagashi yori Ryōgokubashi sekiyō o miru
Деревня Сэкия на реке Сумида  冨嶽三十六景 隅田川関屋の里  Sekiya Village on the Sumida River  Sumidagawa Sekiya no sato
Мост Сэндзю в провинции Мусаси  冨嶽三十六景 武州千住  Senju in Musashi Province  Bushū Senju
Вид на гору Фудзи из развлекательного квартала в Сэндзю  冨嶽三十六景 従千住花街眺望の不二  Fuji Seen in the Distance from Senju Pleasure Quarter  Senju kagai yori chōbō no Fuji
Остров Цукудадзима в провинции Мусаси  冨嶽三十六景 武陽佃島  Tsukudajima in Musashi Province  Buyō Tsukudajima
Морской путь в Кадзусу  冨嶽三十六景 上総の海路  At Sea off Kazusa  Kazusa no kairo
Залив Нобото  冨嶽三十六景 登戸浦  Noboto Bay  Noboto no ura
Канал Усибори в провинции Хитати  冨嶽三十六景 常州牛掘  Ushibori in Hitachi Province  Jōshū Ushibori
Вид на Фудзи с горы Готэнъяма у реки Синагава  冨嶽三十六景 東海道品川御殿山の不二  Fuji from Gotenyama at Shinagawa on the Tōkaidō  Tōkaidō Shinagawa Gotenyama no Fuji
Большая волна в Канагаве  冨嶽三十六景 神奈川沖浪裏  Under the Wave off Kanagawa  Kanagawa oki nami ura
Река Тама в провинции Мусаси  葛飾北斎画 冨嶽三十六景 武州玉川  Tama River in Musashi Province  Bushū Tamagawa
Район Ходогая, тракт Токайдо  冨嶽三十六景 東海道保土ケ谷  Hodogaya on the Tōkaidō  Tōkaidō Hodogaya
Побережье Ситиригахама в провинции Сагами  冨嶽三十六景 相州七里浜  Shichirigahama in Sagami Province  Sōshū Shichirigahama
Остров Эносима в провинции Сагами  冨嶽三十六景 相州江の島  Enoshima in Sagami Province  Sōshū Enoshima
Накахара в провинции Сагами  冨嶽三十六景 相州仲原  Nakahara in Sagami Province  Sōshū Nakahara
Местность Умэдзава в провинции Сагами  冨嶽三十六景 相州梅沢左  Umezawa Manor in Sagami Province  Sōshū Umezawa zai
Озеро в Хаконе в провинции Сагами  冨嶽三十六景 相州箱根湖水  The Lake at Hakone in Sagami Province  Sōshū Hakone kosui
Перевал Мисимагоэ в провинции Каи  冨嶽三十六景 甲州三島越  Mishima Pass in Kai Province  Kōshū Mishima goe
Вид Фудзи от чайных плантаций Катакура в провинции Цуруга  冨嶽三十六景 駿州片倉茶園の不二  Fuji from the Katakura Tea Fields in Suruga  Sunshū Katakura chaen no Fuji
Оносиндэн в провинции Суруга  冨嶽三十六景 駿州大野新田  The New Fields at Ōno in Suruga Province  Sunshū Ōno shinden
Ливень под горой  冨嶽三十六景 山下白雨  Storm below Mount Fuji  Sanka no haku u
«Победный ветер. Ясный день» или «Красная Фудзи»  冨嶽三十六景 凱風快晴  South Wind, Clear Sky (Gaifū kaisei)
Восхождение на гору  冨嶽三十六景 諸人登山  Groups of Mountain Climbers  Shojin tozan
Бухта Эдзири в провинции Суруга  冨嶽三十六景 駿州江尻  Ejiri in Suruga Province  Sunshū Ejiri
Изображение пляжа Тагоноура в Эдзири, тракт Токайдо  冨嶽三十六景 東海道江尻田子の浦略図  Tago Bay near Ejiri on the Tōkaidō  Tōkaidō Ejiri Tago no ura ryaku zu
Вид на Фудзи из Каная, на дороге Токайдо  葛飾北斎画 冨嶽三十六景 東海道金谷の不二  Fuji Seen from Kanaya on the Tōkaidō  Tōkaidō Kanaya no Fuji
В горах Тотоми  冨嶽三十六景 遠江山中  In the Mountains of Tōtomi Province  Tōtomi sanchū
Ёсида на тракте Токайдо  冨嶽三十六景 東海道吉田  Yoshida on the Tōkaidō  Tōkaidō Yoshida
Равнина Фудзимигахара в провинции Овари  冨嶽三十六景 尾州不二見原  Fujimigahara in Owari Province  Bishū Fujimigahara
Перевал Инуме в провинции Каи  冨嶽三十六景 甲州犬目峠  The Inume Pass in Kai Province  Kōshū Inume tōge
Отражение в озере Мисака в провинции Каи  冨嶽三十六景 甲州三坂水面  Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province  Kōshū Misaka suimen
Утренняя заря в Исава провинции Каи  冨嶽三十六景 甲州伊沢暁  Dawn at Isawa in Kai Province  Kōshū Isawa no akatsuki
Озеро Сувако в провинции Синано  冨嶽三十六景 信州諏訪湖  Lake Suwa in Shinano Province  Shinshū Suwako
Болото Кадзикадзава в провинции Каи  冨嶽三十六景 甲州石班沢  Kajikazawa in Kai Province  Kōshū Kajikazawa
Обратная сторона Фудзи. Вид со стороны реки Минобугава 冨嶽三十六景 身延川裏不二 View from the Other Side of Fuji from the Minobu River (Minobugawa ura Fuji)

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